His father, Richard Walmesley Blair, was a relatively minor official in the Opium Department, the British civil service agency which regulated legalized opium trade with China as a government monopoly. She had lived in Moulmein, Burma, where her French father was a teak trader and boat builder and was eighteen years younger than her husband, whom she had married in Their first child, Marjorie, was born at Tehta, Bihar, India, in Richard Blair did not see his family again until on a three-month leave; their last child, Avril, would be born as a result of this visit.
See Article History Alternative Title: Eric Arthur Blair George Orwell, pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair, born June 25,MotihariBengal, India—died January 21,London, EnglandEnglish novelist, essayist, and critic famous for his novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-fourthe latter a profound anti- utopian novel that examines the dangers of totalitarian rule.
In time his nom de plume became so closely attached to him that few people but relatives knew his real name was Blair. Early life He was born in Bengal, into the class of sahibs.
His father was a minor British official in the Indian civil service; his mother, of French extraction, was the daughter of an unsuccessful teak merchant in Burma Myanmar.
Orwell was thus brought up in an atmosphere of impoverished snobbery. After returning with his parents to Englandhe was sent in to a preparatory boarding school on the Sussex coast, where he was distinguished among the other boys by his poverty and his intellectual brilliance.
He grew up a morose, withdrawn, eccentric boy, and he was later to tell of the miseries of those years in his posthumously published autobiographical essaySuch, Such Were the Joys He stayed from to Aldous Huxley was one of his masters, and it was at Eton that he published his first writing in college periodicals.
Instead of accepting a scholarship to a university, Orwell decided to follow family tradition and, inwent to Burma as assistant district superintendent in the Indian Imperial Police.
He served in a number of country stations and at first appeared to be a model imperial servant. Yet from boyhood he had wanted to become a writer, and when he realized how much against their will the Burmese were ruled by the British, he felt increasingly ashamed of his role as a colonial police officer.
Against imperialism In Orwell, on leave to England, decided not to return to Burma, and on January 1,he took the decisive step of resigning from the imperial police. Already in the autumn of he had started on a course of action that was to shape his character as a writer.
Having felt guilty that the barriers of race and caste had prevented his mingling with the Burmese, he thought he could expiate some of his guilt by immersing himself in the life of the poor and outcast people of Europe. Donning ragged clothes, he went into the East End of London to live in cheap lodging houses among labourers and beggars; he spent a period in the slums of Paris and worked as a dishwasher in French hotels and restaurants; he tramped the roads of England with professional vagrants and joined the people of the London slums in their annual exodus to work in the Kentish hopfields.
Those experiences gave Orwell the material for Down and Out in Paris and London, in which actual incidents are rearranged into something like fiction. The main character of Burmese Days is a minor administrator who seeks to escape from the dreary and narrow-minded chauvinism of his fellow British colonialists in Burma.
His sympathies for the Burmese, however, end in an unforeseen personal tragedy. Immediately after returning from Burma he called himself an anarchist and continued to do so for several years; during the s, however, he began to consider himself a socialistthough he was too libertarian in his thinking ever to take the further step—so common in the period—of declaring himself a communist.
It begins by describing his experiences when he went to live among the destitute and unemployed miners of northern England, sharing and observing their lives; it ends in a series of sharp criticisms of existing socialist movements.Eric Arthur Blair (25 June – 21 January ), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
Feb 10, · Eric Arthur Blair, who used the pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work under his born name wasn't quite noticed as his work under George Orwell. The name Orwell is also more of a mouthful, unlike Blaire, which is forgettable.
Choose from different sets of george orwell flashcards on Quizlet. Log in Sign up. george orwell Flashcards. Also known as George Orwell, born in India.
-real name Eric Blair. Eton College-got a scholarship -felt it was a waste. 5 terms. dancerswiftie.
George Orwell, pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair, (born June 25, , Motihari, Bengal, India—died January 21, , London, England), English novelist, essayist, and critic famous for his novels Animal Farm () and Nineteen Eighty-four (), the latter a profound anti-utopian novel that examines the dangers of totalitarian rule.
Watch video · George Orwell (June 25, to January 21, ), born Eric Arthur Blair, was a novelist, essayist and critic best known for his novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. He was a Born: Jun 25, George Orwell, pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair, (born June 25, , Motihari, Bengal, India—died January 21, , London, England), English novelist, essayist, and critic famous for his novels Animal Farm () and Nineteen Eighty-four (), the latter a profound anti-utopian novel that examines the dangers of totalitarian rule.