Declaration of Principles and Policies. The welfare of the landless farmers and farm workers will receive the highest consideration to promote social justice and to move the nation towards sound rural development and industrialization, and the establishment of owner cultivatorship of economic-sized farms as the basis of Philippine agriculture. To this end, a more equitable distribution and ownership of land, with due regard to the rights of landowners to just compensation and to the ecological needs of the nation, shall be undertaken to provide farmers and farm workers with the opportunity to enhance their dignity and improve the quality of their lives through greater productivity of agricultural lands. The agrarian reform program is founded on the right of farmers and regular farm workers, who are landless, to own directly or collectively the lands they till or, in the case of other farm workers, to receive a share of the fruits thereof.
The government recognizes the need for support services to complement land distribution such as credit facilities, technology and infrastructure.
It is through these clusters that Carp comprehensive agrian reform program services are being channeled to the farmer-beneficiaries for them to productively perform their role in community development process. Farmers are organized into teams where they undergo various organizational capabilities for their own development.
Within these Arcs, there are a total number of 2, organizations, with members totalingthat are being assisted by DAR ; the average number of organization per ARC still stands at two.
Infrastructure Facilities One vital way of improving the income of ARBs is by building physical and economic infrastructures such as farm-to-market roads, irrigation systems, bridges, and post-harvest facilities. As of the end ofthe number of DAR-initiated infrastructure projects currently being managed by the ARCs and local government units include farm-to-market roads; 7, post-harvest facilities; irrigation systems; and bridges.
The DAR lawyers handle three types of cases and these are the judicial, quasi-judicial and non-judicial cases. Judicial cases may be civil or criminal in nature and are filed in the regular courts. Quasi-judicial on the other hand includes ejectment, reinstatement, termination of leasehold agreement, falling in the jurisdiction of the DAR Adjudication Board DARAB and its adjudicators while non-judicial cases are those arising from agrarian law implementation and related implementing rules and regulations and personnel discipline cases.
DAR reports show that as of the first quarter ofthere are 1, judicial and 4, quasi-judicial cases pending nationwide. Adjudication of Cases Through the DARAB, the Department is vested with quasi-judicial powers to determine and adjudicate disputes, cases, controversies and matters involving the implementation of RA and other related issuances.
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program: Aquino, Ramos, Estrada Administration 1. The ALRP, as in PD 27, imposed a ceiling of seven hectares for all croplands, the distribution of large privately- owned farms, rice and corn lands, small farms, and alienable as well as disposable lands exempting areas such as ancestral tribal lands and those that are used for public service.
Other features of the program include tenancy regulation and voluntary land sharing and corporate stock sharing as alternative schemes to land reform. It may have contrasting features compared to past land reforms; however it still had flaws in it.
Hence, the Aquino government drafted Executive Order No. It detailed the mechanics of land registration, private land acquisition and the compensation procedures to land owners. It also specified the composition and functions of the governing entities, which will coordinate and supervise the implementation of the program.
The land reform issues such as the retention limit and priority areas were left for the Congress to define. Both Houses produced their own agrarian bills.
These two bills later on mirrored the contrasting interests of both Houses. While the landlord-dominated Lower House reflected the interests of landowners, the urban-based Senators emphasized the need for a land reform to attain economic development. These disputes and debates and the fact that there is diversity among the landowners themselves when it comes to land reform measures have paved the way for them to compromise.
It is within this context that the CARL was put into law. As mentioned earlier, the CARP is so far the most comprehensive agrarian reform program ever formulated.
Unlike that of PD 27, which include only rice and corn lands, CARP covers all private and public agricultural lands regardless of commodity produced and tenurial status of the tiller including other lands of the public domain suitable for agriculture. CARP recognizes as beneficiaries of the agrarian reform not only farmers but all workers in the land given that they are landless and willing to cultivate the land.
The program used variable retention limits: Aside from land acquisition and distribution, which is the very essence of CARP, it also provides for the delivery of support services such as rural development projects, human resources development activities and infrastructure facilities.
It also ensures the tenurial security of farmers and farm workers by giving options like leasehold arrangement, stock distribution option, and production and profit sharing scheme.
It also provides legal assistance to beneficiaries to help resolve agrarian disputes.The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, more commonly known as CARP, is an agrarian reform law of the Philippines whose legal basis is the Republic Act No.
, otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL). COMPREHENSIVE AGRARIAN REFORM LAW OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. CHAPTER I - PRELIMINARY CHAPTER •1 Title. - This Act shall be known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of •2. Declaration of Principles and Policies.
- It is the policy of the State to pursue a Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP. CARP or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program is created through Republic Act No. also known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of It is a policy that promotes the rights of landless Filipino farmers and farm workers.
Bulatlat Contributors July 27, 1 Comment carper, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), Department of Agrarian Reform, Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Genuine Agrarian Reform Bill (GARB), Rafael Mariano.
Thirty years under a sham agrarian reform program and one year under a progressive agrarian reform chief. Reaction Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program of , also known as CARP, is a Philippine state policy that ensures and promotes welfare of landless farmers and farm workers, as well as elevation of social justice and equity among rural areas.
The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) was introduced almost three decades ago with the approval of Republic Act No. (RA ), also known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) of The program is an expanded version of previous land reform programs in the country beginning the mids.