How to Write a Summary of an Article? How far was political opposition to the Tsar divided in their aims and methods, ?
No comments The Human Rights Watch has published a report detailing human rights abuses in the Democratic Republic of Congo ahead of the December 23 general election.
HRW deputy director for Africa Ida Sawyer says in the absence of fundamental freedoms, the DRC election will fall short of a democratic and credible election. The Congolese government should end the excessive use of force against opposition supporters, release arbitrarily detained opposition party members and activists, and investigate serious violations and appropriately hold those responsible to account, Human Rights Watch said.
The authorities should allow all Congolese to fully and freely participate in the electoral process, including by permitting Katumbi to enter the country and register as a candidate.
Concerned governments and regional bodies should press President Joseph Kabila and other senior officials to end the repression of the opposition and to ensure that the electoral process is free, fair, and inclusive.
The governments and regional bodies should expand targeted sanctions if grave human rights violations continue. On August 1, security forces fired teargas and live ammunition to disperse tens of thousands of supporters who had gathered to welcome the opposition leader and former Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba in the capital, Kinshasa, wounding at least two people.
Bemba returned to Congo to register as a presidential candidate after an International Criminal Court ICC appeals chamber overturned his war crimes and crimes against humanity convictions on June 8.
On August 2, the mayor of Lubumbashi, in southeastern Congo, issued a written statement that Katumbi would not be authorized to land at the Lubumbashi airport by private plane, as he had requested. Katumbi, who has been living in exile for the past two years due to a series of politically motivated judicial procedures, traveled instead to Zambia and attempted to enter Congo by road at the Kasumbalesa border crossing on August 3.
Congolese authorities warned Katumbi that they would immediately arrest him upon his arrival in Congo. But when Katumbi reached the border, officials instead shut down the border and denied him entry. Security forces fired live ammunition and teargas to disperse the thousands of supporters who came to welcome Katumbi on the Congolese side of the border on August 3, killing at least one person and wounding one other.
Dozens of supporters were arrested.
Security forces also deployed massively across parts of Lubumbashi and erected roadblocks on major roads, where they systematically searched vehicles. When the delegation later tried to travel to Kasumbalesa to meet Katumbi there, police stopped them at a roadblock just outside of town and forced them to turn around.
Protests continued in Lubumbashi and Kasumbalesa over the following days, as authorities continued to refuse to let Katumbi enter the country. On August 6, security forces shot dead a year-old boy and wounded at least four people during protests in Lubumbashi.
Despite campaigning by top ruling party officials for the president to make a bid for an unconstitutional third term — and in the face of increasing national, regional, and international pressure to step down — Kabila did not submit his candidacy.
He instead chose Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, current permanent secretary of the ruling party and former vice prime minister and interior minister, as the candidate for his electoral platform.
In total, 25 people filed their candidacies for the presidential election during the registration period between July 25 to August 8. The court has not yet issued a decision. The electoral commission published its preliminary list of candidates on August 24, disqualifying six presidential candidates, including Bemba and three former prime ministers, for reasons that many civil society activists and opposition political leaders denounced as arbitrary and politically motivated.
The final list of candidates will be published on September "While the opposition has tried to unify many political parties under one band, the opposition is not without significant problems and rivalries.
'Political earthquake' in Sweden as far right. So far the attitudes of the opposition in particular and the public at large in general is begging to the despot to release the prisoners, to have rule of law in the country, to have a constitution to govern with, so and metin2sell.com So long as you deny the only real opposition´s right of participating the political process, you are destined to lose.
The opposition does not go away by your discrimination and labeling one fifth- fourth of the nation far right extremists. The former military officer is the latest in a global wave of far-right nationalists to surge at the ballot box.
promised to attack the corruption of political elites and bring an iron fist to. Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy. It typically The term center-left describes a position within the political mainstream.
The terms far-left and ultra-left refer to positions that are more radical. Sep 30, · "Political helplessness" a German parliamentarian from the opposition Green Party. "The far right and autocrats have an international network and see themselves as a .