Prevention and Community based Mitigation Article shared by: Prevention and Community based Mitigation!
Nuts, bolts, screws, nails, etc. Religious material Sporting equipment, card games and board games Posters and banners creating awareness Emergency preparedness goes beyond immediate family members.
For many people, pets are an integral part of their families and emergency preparation advice includes them as well. It is not unknown for pet owners to die while trying to rescue their pets from a fire or from drowning.
Medications and medical records stored in a waterproof container. First aid kit with a pet first aid book. Sturdy leash, harness, and carrier to transport pet safely.
A carrier should be large enough for the animal to stand comfortably, turn around, and lie down. Your pet may have to stay in the carrier for several hours. Pet toys and the pet's bed, if you can easily take it, to reduce stress.
Current photos and descriptions of your pets to help others identify them in case you and your pets become separated, and to prove that they are yours.
Information on feeding schedules, medical conditions, behavior problems, and the name and telephone number of your veterinarian in case you have to board your pets or place them in foster care. Emergency preparedness also includes more than physical items and skill-specific training.
Psychological preparedness is also a type of emergency preparedness and specific mental health preparedness resources are offered for mental health professionals by organizations such as the Red Cross. CDC has a website devoted to coping with a disaster or traumatic event.
While FEMA does not actually use the term "Bug out bag," calling it instead some variation of a "Go Kit," the idea of having emergency items in a quickly accessible place is common to both FEMA and CDC, though on-line discussions of what items a "bug out bag" should include sometimes cover items such as firearms and great knives that are not specifically suggested by FEMA or CDC.
Whether fleeing a burning Mitigation of human made disaster or hastily packing a car to escape an impending hurricane, flood or dangerous chemical release, rapid departure from a home or workplace environment is always a possibility and FEMA suggests having a Family Emergency Plan for such occasions.
Along with the contact information, FEMA suggests having well-understood local gathering points if a house must be evacuated quickly to avoid the dangers of re-reentering a burning home.
If family members spend a significant amount of time in a specific location, such as at work or school, FEMA suggests learning the emergency preparation plans for those places. While "disability" has a specific meaning for specific organizations such as collecting Social Security benefits,  for the purposes of emergency preparedness, the Red Cross uses the term in a broader sense to include people with physical, medical, sensor or cognitive disabilities or the elderly and other special needs populations.
FEMA's suggestions for people with disabilities includes having copies of prescriptions, charging devices for medical devices such as motorized wheel chairs and a week's supply of medication readily available LINK or in a "go stay kit.
Items specific to an emergency include: The Agency gives instructions on how to retrofit a home to minimize hazards from a Floodto include installing a Backflow prevention deviceanchoring fuel tanks and relocating electrical panels.
Disaster response The response phase of an emergency may commence with Search and Rescue but in all cases the focus will quickly turn to fulfilling the basic humanitarian needs of the affected population. This assistance may be provided by national or international agencies and organizations.
Effective coordination of disaster assistance is often crucial, particularly when many organizations respond and local emergency management agency LEMA capacity has been exceeded by the demand or diminished by the disaster itself.
The National Response Framework is a United States government publication that explains responsibilities and expectations of government officials at the local, state, federal, and tribal levels. It provides guidance on Emergency Support Functions that may be integrated in whole or parts to aid in the response and recovery process.
On a personal level the response can take the shape either of a shelter in place or an evacuation. Evacuation sign In a shelter-in-place scenario, a family would be prepared to fend for themselves in their home for many days without any form of outside support.
In an evacuation, a family leaves the area by automobile or other mode of transportationtaking with them the maximum amount of supplies they can carry, possibly including a tent for shelter. If mechanical transportation is not available, evacuation on foot would ideally include carrying at least three days of supplies and rain-tight bedding, a tarpaulin and a bedroll of blankets.
Donations are often sought during this period, especially for large disasters that overwhelm local capacity. Due to efficiencies of scale, money is often the most cost-effective donation if fraud is avoided. Money is also the most flexible, and if goods are sourced locally then transportation is minimized and the local economy is boosted.
Some donors prefer to send gifts in kindhowever these items can end up creating issues, rather than helping. One innovation by Occupy Sandy volunteers is to use a donation registry, where families and businesses impacted by the disaster can make specific requests, which remote donors can purchase directly via a web site.
Medical considerations will vary greatly based on the type of disaster and secondary effects. Survivors may sustain a multitude of injuries to include lacerationsburnsnear drowningor crush syndrome. Recovery[ edit ] The recovery phase starts after the immediate threat to human life has subsided.
The immediate goal of the recovery phase is to bring the affected area back to normalcy as quickly as possible. During reconstruction it is recommended to consider the location or construction material of the property.
The most extreme home confinement scenarios include war, famine and severe epidemics.Although mitigation planning traditionally focused on planning for natural hazards, events such as the September 11, , attacks, the July Baltimore hazardous material train derailment suggested that the time had come to incorporate terrorism and technological hazards into all aspects of emergency management planning, not just preparedness and response.
May 11, · A human-made (or anthropogenic - an effect resulting from human activity) hazard can be defined as a threat of human activities that can have a negative effect on people, property and/or the environment. A human-made disaster can be defined as the devastating effect of a human-made hazard that results in a negative effect on people, property and/or the environment.
A list of the various types of disasters - both natural and man-made or technological in nature – that can impact a community. Disaster Preparedness • Economic Recovery • Resilience Home.
Disaster mitigation – Structural and non-structural measures undertaken to limit the adverse impact of natural hazards; for example, planting mangroves to reduce the risk posed by tidal surges or raising awareness of natural hazards through school-based education projects.
Disaster Prevention - Mitigation Trainers' Guide Objective: human and material damage caused by the disaster. Prevention is to ensure that human action or natural phenomena do not result in disaster or emergency.
Primary disaster “Primary” Mitigation. Emergency management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery).
The aim is to reduce the harmful effects of all hazards, including disasters.. The World Health Organization defines an emergency as the state in which normal procedures are interrupted, and.