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Roman theologian and apologist. Considered the father of Western Christian literature, Tertullian was among the most influential of the early Latin theologians. A moralist and polemicist who began his literary career as an eloquent defender of Christianity, Tertullian later abandoned Catholicism in favor of the fervent, puritanical faith known as Montanism.
Despite this fact, he is generally recognized as a steadfast proponent of the purity of Christian doctrine and as a tireless enemy of heresy and paganism.
His works are thought to have indelibly shaped Latin ecclesiastical literature in the early third century and they continue to retain their vitality and cogency in the contemporary era.
Biographical Information Many of the details of Tertullian's life are open to speculation and have been reconstructed by scholars using cues from his literary works and from the works of later commentators, particularly St.
Tertullian was born in the ancient city of Carthage sometime between and A. Educated in grammar, rhetoric, philosophy, and the law in his youth, Tertullian traveled to Rome as Tertullians de spectaculis essay young man to further his studies. He most likely practiced law there for a time. In Rome he discovered Christianity, and after his return to Carthage in approximately converted to that faith.
It was during the final years of the second century that he began to compose his earliest Christian apologetic works, as well as other writings of moral and ascetic theology.
By the first decade of the third century Tertullian had risen to became an important and influential member of the African Church, and he increasingly devoted himself to his literary activities.
He composed a series of attacks on pagan philosophy and unorthodox Christianity, along with numerous tracts on Christian issues and related subjects. Sometime beforeTertullian, having become more and more displeased with the stolidity of many Christians and clergymen, converted to Montanism, a sectarian movement begun by the prophet Montanus and defined by its strident and ascetic moralism.
Following his second conversion, Tertullian wrote many of his most vehement pronouncements on the morality of his contemporaries and moved far afield from the orthodox Christianity he had earlier championed. Tertullian wrote his final treatises by or beforethough he was said to have lived to an advanced age by St.
Jerome, perhaps stretching two decades or more from the date of his last works. Major Works Scholars have divided Tertullian's thirty-one extant writings into three general categories: This last group is generally also split by critics who differentiate between Tertullian's writing prior to and after his conversion to Montanism.
The first category of apologetic works includes Tertullian's early Ad nationes c. The former represents his initial condemnation of paganism and defense of the Christian faith, while the latter focuses more specifically on Roman political prejudices against Christians.
Other apologetic writings are: De testimonio animae c. Tertullian's polemical and dogmatic writings roughly span the middle portion of his literary career, from to De praescriptione haereticorum c. By far Tertullian's longest work, the Adversus Marcionem c.
In it he explains the true nature of God and Christ and the natural affinity of the Old and New Testaments, and later attacks the New Testament of his close contemporary Marcion.
The remainder of Tertullian's polemical writings, Adversus Hermogenem c. In the third category of Tertullian's writings are grouped his several practical, moral, and ascetical treatises, many of which were written in the latter portion of his literary career, during the time of his greatest adherence to the Montanist faith.
His Catholic, moral works include: One of Tertullian's pre-Montanist practical and ascetical treatises, Ad martyres c.Laudator Temporis Acti "A peculiar anthologic maze, But perhaps his most famous essay is On farting (Hōhiron 放屁論) of This was occasioned by his discovery that someone in Edo was making a living by an exhibition of farting.
De Spectaculis. With an English Translation by T.R. Glover Minucius Felix. With an English. G. CURREY, Tertulliani Libri tres, de spectaculis, de idololatria, et de corona militis. Three treatises of Tertullian, with English notes, an introduction and indexes.
Edited by G. Currey.
If I give you a rose you will not disdain its creator. (Adversus Marcionem I, 4, 4) Quotations. Here are a few quotations, more or less frequently quoted, and usually .
Full text of "The ecclesiastical history of the second and third centuries: illustrated from the writings of Tertullian" See other formats. Tertullian, Latin in full Quintus Septimus Florens Tertullianus, (born c. , /, Carthage [now in Tunisia]—died after , Carthage), important early Christian theologian, polemicist, and moralist who, as the initiator of ecclesiastical Latin, was instrumental in shaping the vocabulary and thought of .
Full text of "Tertullian's treatises, Concerning prayer, Concerning baptism" See other formats TRANSLATIONS OF HRISTIAN LITERATURE TERTULLIkN S TREATISES CONCERNING PRAYER, CONCERNING BAPTISM.
ALEXANDER SOUTER, Litt. D. TRANSLATIONS OF CHRISTIAN LITERATURE SERIES II LATIN TEXTS TERTULLIAN S TREATISES OF.